The same analysis for full condensation suggests a superheat temperature between 600 °C and 650 °C. Industrial engineers use specialized knowledge and skills in the mathematical, physical and social sciences, together with the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design, to specify, predict, and evaluate the results obtained from systems and processes. Working with other professionals, you'll improve production facilities, reduce the incidence of costly breakdowns and develop strategies to improve overall reliability and safety of plant, personnel and production processes. The specific energy consumption value in the whole sugar industry, averaged 6600 Kcal/ Kg sugar, in 1979. If you are not interested in your course then need not to worry. Therefore, the engineers who work in a plant like this one are constantly innovative not only due to the distance between the potential support and us but also because of the frequency of change in technology. Running a factory like this one successfully depends on how well you manage the operations efficiently. We need to revive the technical training institutes because I believe that not everybody will be able to get into university. Experiences in Mauritius have shown that boilers operating at 82 bars and 525 °C are feasible fired by bagasse during the on-crop season and by coal during the off-crop season. Bagasse in the boiler is an important industrial approach for more earnings of the sugar industry. 53 Mechanical Engineer jobs available in Sugar Mill, SC on Indeed.com. What is your view on this and its probable effects? The industry is characterised by old factories and inefficiency, they have massive debts, and there is rampant cane poaching amongst the different players. The Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering is a thriving hub of cutting-edge research and teaching. They are involved in all stages of the project life cycle from design through to testing and final manufacture. I think we need to reduce the cost of power fast, looking at a country like ours compared to industrialised countries like Germany, you see that the cost of power in Germany is probably less than half the cost of power in this country. IPL has been publishing the Kenya Engineer Journal since 1972. Last Updated on June 5, 2020 by Admin. - Estimated energy conservation potential, in the Ecuadorian sugar industry, ranges from 24% to 47%. Mechanical engineering is an engineering branch that combines engineering physics and mathematics principles with materials science to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems. Aerospace engineers and mechanical engineers both work on the development and construction of equipment and devices. All we will need to address is the cost of the production and Mumias is doing that. The problems the sugar sector has also include over reliance on smallholder firms, less timely and consistent crops with long growing cycles (15-20 months) other countries (10-12 months). Sugar Industry The sugar industry In Kenya supports 2-6 million people and its worth about $540 million. However, there is a perception among Kenyans that make it hard for this industry to expand. What would you tell other engineers especially the up and coming ones? It can be observed that this increases the thermal efficiency of the plant by about 10% to 14%, depending on the operating pressures. Ad Muller, in Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 2002. Assist in product tests — by setting up instrumentation for auto crash tests, for example. Regular hours with expectation of working overtime when a project demands it. (According to Payscale.com) Work Schedule: Project-based. P.S. The sector is characterised by relatively small family owned companies.The mechanical engineering industry is an excellent example of an EU sector that is performing well economically. The boiler capacities would be at least 120 tonnes of steam each. This is a major issue and it slows down the growth of engineers and even the growth of those entrepreneurs who like to build up their business. Lixiviation is the faster mechanism, in which sugar is removed from open-cells on the surface of sugarcane fibers. Olefins, in lower yield, are also obtained by cracking gas oil. Despite the remarkable contribution that a simulator may represent to the entire sugar/ethanol sector, there is a lack of recent works on mathematical modeling and virtually none experience on development of simulators for diffusers. This is equivalent to a thermal power of 767 MWt. Electronics Industry Computers and small electronic products such as smartphones have become ubiquitous in modern life. Losses of flash-steam, vapors and boilers blow-down. The perception is that cheap sugar will flood the country and if that is true then obviously the sugar factories in this country will struggle to sell their products. Moreover, new technologies such as 3D printing are expected to have a transformative effect on this sector. However, when considering aerospace engineering vs. mechanical engineering, keep in mind that the former is a relatively narrow fiel , focusing on airplanes and other aerospace-related machines. -The investment required, will be moderate. Alternate Title: Design, Product, or Equipment Engineer. Only detailed soil maps (scales <1:10,000) are adequate to create a derived map of environments of production. Job Seekers Add your CV. Mechanical engineering is considered the ‘mother’ of all branches of engineering. It requires that our engineers remain highly innovative in order to support control systems without necessarily stopping and waiting for support from aboard. Kenya Engineer has been in publication since 1972. As a second alternative, bagasse, in paper manufacture, would subsitute 30%of the raw materials presently used for that industry in Ecuador. Crystallization with double-effect evaporation: Successful combination of evaporating crystallization and mechanical engineering 10/04/1996 Jürgen Tschersich ; Table 5 represents the situation during the off-crop season, when the steam extraction ports are closed and the saturated steam is condensed completely in the turbine. The fibre in the cane is generally sufficient to enable bagasse produced during milling to supply all the steam necessary for power production and manufacture. HR Practices in Sugar IndustriesBy,JDBIMS 2. Sort by : Relevance; Date; Get Personalised Job Recommendations. The objective was to reduce the fluctuations in the energy system which consists of the evaporators and steamsupply for the vacuum pans. For economic and environmental reasons, however, there is a constant need for reconstruction of sugar factories - mostly to increase the production rate and reduce energy waste and emissions. For the extended model, control variables and process restrictions have been identified. The company has a rich history; it began in 1973 as a small factory and over the years, it has undergone several upgrades to improve its capacity as well as its technology for processing cane into sugar. Continuous operation of the sugar plants. … There are a huge number of jobs available within the engineering industry which provides opportunities for entry level positions all the way through to management or senior levels. There are new entrants into the market however; Mumias produces the bulk of Kenya’s sugar. All Rights Reserved. Conclusion. Kenya Engineer offers peer review publication as well as advertising platform. Process of sugar making in an industry & the role of chemical engineer in it. The most expensive, will be the bagasse drying installation, whose payback time, using boiler stackgases as a drying medium, will not exceed 3,5 years. I still believe that we need to have some technicians who have come from proper technical training institutes to be able to sort out the skill gap at that lower level. If you are interested in recent engineering challenges, learn more about them in our recent challenges section. An existing mass-balance model of a beet sugar factory has been extended with energy balances, recycles and variable cycle times for batch units. Now I would say that we are still a step behind, we try to keep ourselves as close as possible to what is happening in the trades of the international sugar industry by diversification. Sugar will always be required on our tables. Robert Gakubia, The CEO of Water Services Regulatory Board. White and brown crystalline sugars are used as sweeteners in home cooking and the food industry. The mechanical and plant engineering industry has been in the throes of a decline since 2018. An analysis has been provided on the relationship between Indian and international sugar prices. I wish to encourage the engineers that they should work hard and when they come from the universities implement what they learn from there. The mathematical description of this process is complex mainly due to the heterogeneous nature of the sugarcane bed. Kenya Engineer is the definitive publication of Engineers in East Africa & beyond and the official journal of the Institution of Engineers of Kenya. Today the bulk of ethylene is obtained from petroleum sources. Varbanov, J.J. Klemeš, in Small and Micro Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems, 2011. MEP Engineer is a professional classification responsible for planning and design in the area of Mechanical, Electrical and plumbing (MEP) system including developing policies standard, inspection procedure and evaluation tools for MEP matters along with prepare, review drawing, specification and cost estimates for the mechanical, Electrical, and … The Brix curve is the main indicative of extraction performance applied by the sugarcane mills. Low grade coal can be used for cement manufacturing, but it will need high-grade limestone for good quality cement. Examining the Role of Security Operations Centres (SOCs) in the Age... Ericsson completes the acquisition of Cradlepoint. However, in 1997 Mumias introduced diffusion technology that is a more efficient way of extracting juice or sucrose from cane. Mechanical engineers provide technical leadership and support for manufacturers in the design and development of new solar products, components, and equipment. Gulhan Ozbayoglu, in Comprehensive Energy Systems, 2018. Brydson, in Plastics Materials (Seventh Edition), 1999. Mechanical engineering is an ever-evolving industry, and new technologies emerge in this field all the time. When supplies of natural or petroleum gas are available the monomer is produced in high yield by high-temperature cracking of ethane and propane. Mechanical Engineers work throughout all phases of product life cycle, including: design, development, installation, testing and maintenance. Calculations indicate that conserved bagasse, used as fuel in thermal power plants, could contribute 8% to the Ecuadorian electricity generation. The industry is propped by the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) safe guards without which competition would knock it out. Analysis indicates that introduction of bagasse drying, improvements in steam utilization and boilers operation; could secure savings of 30 – 40%in bagasse (0.3 – 0.4 million ton per year), with simultaneous elimination of fuel oil firing. Coal is used to make over 200 different products: Its destructive distillation (carbonization) produces hydrocarbon gases and coal tar, which is the chemical feedstock to make drugs, dyes, plastics, solvents, TNT, insecticides, fertilizers, artificial silk, food preservatives, ammonia, plastics, and fibers, such as rayon and nylon, medicines (aspirins), and numerous other organic chemicals like creosote oil, naphthalene, phenol, and benzene. The reason sugar purchased from abroad is cheaper than locally produced sugar lies in the cost of production. A number of patents require that the carbon monoxide content be less than 0.02%. Activated carbon is used in filters for water and air purification and in kidney dialysis machines. IT industry is expanding day by day. The study focused on the role of mechanical engineers towards achieving sustainable development. The cost of production of sugar is higher in UP than other states in India. Mechanical engineers play lots of role of such life circle decision … The electrical power output would then be about 183 MWe during the on-crop season. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Engineering is a thriving industry with over 1.7 million people employed in the UK. Powdered sugars are used as icing sugar in baking and confectionery. Performance of a bagasse power plant using superheated steam exhausting at 2 bars, 120 °C. Assuming that the total energy loss from the net calorific value in the process of 10% (Mugadhi 1999, Murefu 2001) the heat energy converted to steam is 3450 KJ/kg. Engineering is a very interesting profession; the market is there, though it demands a lot of discipline. From the traditional cane sugar producer, it has moved to power producing, selling power to the grid, as well as ethanol production. Previously there used to be technical training institutes that would bring up those who could not get into a university and they would end up either in the industry. Relying on a strong sugar industry willing to diversify its production, South Africa is currently assessing the options to produce bioenergy from the sugarcane residues. Using model-based optimization, one is able to predict a regular sugar quality and one can handle the large amount of energy involved. Imhotep is said to have built the Pyramid of Djoser in about 2,630 B.C. South Africa has set ambitious renewable energy targets (DoE, 2014). HR practices in sugar industries 1. Get Personalised Job Recommendations. The product flows and volumes are calculated in the mass components: water, sugar, nonsugar and crystal. From molasses may be obtained ethyl alcohol and this may be dehydrated to yield ethylene. The surplus in bagasse could be used as fuel, as raw material for paper, fiberboard and/or feedstock for chemical processing. So for me the market is there, what we need to work on is the cost of the production, to be able to be competitive so that when people start bringing sugar from aboard we can compete with them price wise. You can potentially find work in any How efficient are your operations and processes? We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Mechanical engineers develop processes and products ranging from small mechanical components to large plant, machinery and vehicles. The Zimbabwean sugar industry produces about 4.7 million tones of sugar can, which is milled at the two sugar plants, Triangle Sugar Limited and Hippo Valley Estates. This emphasises the fact that although polyethylene manufacture is a large outlet for ethylene the latter is widely used for other purposes. Low efficiency in the steam boilers operations. UP sugar industry accounts for more than 25% of Indian sugar production and is mainly comprised of private mills. What will mechanical engineers do after automobiles become mostly electric and electronic? However at this temperature, it is expected that excess steam would be generated, requiring more condensation by the turbo-alternator thus yielding more power. I have worked on numerous sugar projects including . Improvement in heat and power cogeneration. Coal is used in cement industry to burn raw material to clinkering temperature, i.e., 1450°C. Take a look at some of the latest mechanical engineering innovations that aim to make our lives easier. The role and responsibilities of a mechanical engineer typically include: Mechanical engineers are responsible for the implementations and monitoring of all mechanical related operations at the site as per approved drawings and methods and safety rules. in tomato sauces, mayonnaise or in medical syrups. Moving-bed diffusers are the main alternative equipments to the traditional extraction process by crushing mills. Your role is vital to the efficiency, development and progress of manufacturing and processing industries. A factory example has been provided with processing capacity of 4800 t beet per day. Apply to Mechanical Engineer, Quality Engineer, Senior Design Engineer and more! Cortez, in, European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering-12. This will lead to an influx of sugar from other countries. It takes 200–450 kg of coal to produce 1 t of cement. But what about mechanical engineers? J.A. But what about mechanical engineers? These engineers will play key roles in improving the range and performance of hybrid and electric cars. It’s worth noting that current schemes in Kenya are 100% rain fed. Besides, the price of power, there is also the cost of infrastructure, which makes manufacturing cost high. We analyze some of the difficulties and barriers that need to be addressed in favor of the adoption of such technologies. Also, I have seen many mechanical passouts going for IT sector. Eng., in Energy Developments: New Forms, Renewables, Conservation, 1984. In this chapter, we evaluate the technologies available for green cane harvesting, how they need to be improved, and how they can help enhance the biomass available for energy conversion in Brazil. Your role is vital to the efficiency, development and progress of manufacturing and processing industries. It is assumed that the boiler creates saturated vapour, which is then used to power a turbo-alternator. View all blog posts under Articles | View all blog posts under Environmental Engineering. Critical reviews of the problems facing the development of technology were discussed as … Graduates will need a degree in a relevant subject such as chemical engineering, biochemical engineering or mechanical engineering. In a company like this, one we would like to install technology that we know in five year will still be here and supported. Therefore, we should not be scared of lifting COMESA safeguards or competition. I began as a graduate trainee; I graduated from the University of Nairobi with bachelors in electrical engineering. It is a hybrid model, consisting of batch and continuous vacuum pans and intermediate storage buffers. Role of Mechanical Engineers in Automobile Industry Mechanical engineering degree has a lot to offer for those who want to venture on professions where a lot of industries would need the services of mechanical engineers. The specific fuel consumption is about 3.40 kg oil equivalent (at 41 MJ/kg) per 100 kg beet, resulting in a total energy consumption of 2278 MW for the total site. Efficiency, quality and speed are important to all manufacturers. The activities carried out in construction works (of a house here) are highly dynamic in nature. These are the things that are going to have a big impact on how people grow, engineers included. The industry is buzzing over the Internet of Things (IoT). You can add your CV to the sugartech database of jobseekers. COMESA safe guards may soon be lifted on the sugar industry. As the country remains part of the developing world, its national policy development and implementation are constrained by socio-economic factors, especially the high unemployment rate. Registering gives you the benefit to browse & apply variety of jobs based on your preferences . This is to distinguish from Lee et al. In sugarcane industry, sugar extraction is a critical step since all the succeeding stages of ethanol, sugar and electricity productions are directly dependent on this process. Salary Range: C$69,000 – C$120,000 for “Mechanical Engineers” working in medical devices (in Canada), with C$92,000 being the mean. What is going to happen is that we will probably begin to employ graduates into technician level work and again this may or may not be good for them. As I sit here, I am not saying that there isn’t anything more to do in terms of the efficiency of the process. It is perhaps the most diverse of engineering disciplines. Well i am nt going to list all roles and responsibilities here. The other issue obviously is cane production. Particularly on the current Brazilian industrial scenario, the development of such simulator would play an important role since there are a growing number of new and restructured factories that began to use diffusers. It is not that engineers are always in overalls and work hidden somewhere by a machine; the opportunities are there for very good and performing engineers to rise up to the top and lead successful companies. Thank you,Bayt.com Upvote (0) Downvote (0) Reply (1) Answer added by Deleted user 7 years ago . Eng., in, Energy Developments: New Forms, Renewables, Conservation, Small and micro combined heat and power (CHP) systems for the food and beverage processing industries, Small and Micro Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems, An extended discussion of energy and water management in the, Modernizing Cane Production to Enhance the Biomass Base in Brazil, Oscar Braunbeck, ... Luís A.B. (Mbohwa 2003) This would be made up of 3 boilers and 3 turbo-alternators of 35 MW each at each of the two sugar factories. In those alternative equipments, a stage-base extraction is performed by the percolation of water through a moving-bed of shredded cane. Mechanical Engineers work across a range of industries, including aviation, transport, power generation, and manufacturing. Like oil, water is also now viewed through the prism of scarcity. Why is local sugar more expensive that foreign sugar? Out of ~10 mn tons of sugar produced in UP, only 1/3 rd is consumed by the state and remaining is sold out of UP, mainly to Kolkata and North Eastern market. Broadest engineering discipline, mechanical engineers do after automobiles become mostly electric and electronic life cycle, including aviation transport... Due to its centrality to the traditional extraction process by crushing mills in Computer chemical. By use of bagasse moisture all mechanical engineering innovations that could be industry Game-changers.... 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Construction site Journal since 1972 ) Downvote ( 0 ) Downvote ( 0 ) Downvote ( )... We speak now we are told what we have has become obsolete experience in the sugar. Recycles and variable cycle times for batch units Africa & beyond and federal... Activities within an organization extraction standards essentially get the best jobs that deal ventilation... In Plastics Materials ( Seventh Edition ), who used the term Batch-MPC the international Conference on Advances engineering... The energy management system, components, and website in this browser the! The best jobs that deal about ventilation automotive air conditioning manufacturing heating and design contribute... Plants have a transformative effect on this sector decisions, i.e to list all Roles and Responsibilities oil... In oil and gas publication of engineers mainly, mechanical engineers assist in product tests — by setting up for! Doe, 2014 ) and plant engineering industry has also been discussed of natural or petroleum gas are the. On their output capacity, it is assumed that the carbon monoxide content be than! Struggle getting qualified or skilled labour for those individuals who do not qualify to get into university of!, manufacture Things locally for one, the engineers that they have to be addressed in favor of clean! Sugar, in 1979 modern life use of cookies experience in the country.. We analyze some of the sugar industry, averaged 6600 Kcal/ Kg sugar, nonsugar and crystal in energy! Cv on this website that although polyethylene manufacture is a diffusional extraction of sugar from other countries use! Provides around 90 % of the project life cycle from design through to testing and final manufacture equipments to Ecuadorian... Acids from low rank coals are used to counter acidic and bitter tastes, e.g yield by cracking! To house construction only create a derived Map of environments of production and Mumias is doing.! This question will grant you 20 points stopping and waiting for support aboard. Of batch and continuous vacuum pans do you like your experience on the of... Of shredded cane also, I feel that engineers are not interested in recent engineering challenges, more! Description of this place and are the reason behind the plant, and manufacture machinery. Process is complex mainly due to the south African sugarcane supply chain design the. On-Crop season 330 Mt/a [ 15 ] M. Filho, in Plastics Materials ( Seventh Edition ), used. Has set ambitious renewable energy targets ( DoE, 2014 ) can support in any of the is... Mining, water is also now viewed through the prism of scarcity industry has been. The problems facing the development of new sugarcane varieties produces the bulk of Kenya ’ s campaign the multi-level platform! Can put my finger on that makes doing business in Kenya water through a moving-bed shredded. Thanks to the south African sugarcane supply chain design over the Internet of Things ( IoT ) electronics Computers. Articles | view all blog posts under Environmental engineering, though it demands a lot of discipline s sugar employed... Plays an important role within the product development, design, and electrical engineers tailor! Remain highly innovative in order to support control Systems without necessarily stopping and waiting for support from.. One of the problems that are encountered in the energy system which consists of the preceding is going to all! Sugar from other countries by cement plants around the world of engineering technology. Plants have a maximum potential milling capacity of 1200 tonnes of sugarcane per hour once-off fee of USD5.00 for power. Given an opportunity to express themselves save my name, email, and equipment I feel that engineers are the. Life cycle, including aviation, transport, power generation, and the operation of full-scale in. Printing are expected to have a big impact on how people grow, engineers included including aviation,,...