These genera are also cultivated … The Lamiaceae are mostly herbs or shrubs comprising about 200 genera and 3,200 species. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 1995, 1998; Wagstaff & Olmstead 1997; … A. Fibre yielding plants: 1. Some important plants of the family: Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Calendula officinalis (Englilsh marigold) Tanacetum coccineum (The painted daisy) Arctotis fastuosa (Monarch of the veld) Townsendia jonesii (Townsend daisy) Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Carthamus tinctorius (safflower) Chrysanthemum coccineum (pyrethrum) Econonmic importance: Helianthus annuus … Food: All the cereals and millets belong to this family. These form the basic food of mankind. … Shakespeare A rose is a rose is a rose. These plants are: Triticum sp (Wheat) Avena sativa; Zea mays (corn) Oryza sativa (rice) Hordeum vulgare (barley) Scale … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Lamiaceae family, one of the most important herbal families, incorporates a … Lamiaceae (Labiatae) is an important plant family that consists of 236 genera and more than 7000 species. Acanthaceae, one of 24 families in the mint order (Lamiales) of flowering plants, containing approximately 220 genera and nearly 4,000 species distributed predominantly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Lamiaceae plants are found all over the world and many are familiar garden herbs such as lavender, basil, mint, oregano, thyme and rosemary. The family includes 260 genera and 3200 species of world wide distribution. For their habitat, they prefer the open fields. This family has greater importance than all other families of the flowering plants. Economic Importance of Poaceae. The Lamiaceae belong to a large family and are found growing over the entire planet. Rosaceae: Taxonomy, Economic Importance, Genomics Kim E. Hummer and Jules Janick A rose by any other name would smell as sweet. Family 11 : Lamiaceae (LABIATAE) - characters ,economic importance , pattern in species and reproduction through Floral formula and floral diagram in mint family 1. While the Lamiaceae has been recognized as a family for centuries, the family was only recently defined in its current broad sense (Cantino & Sanders 1986; Cantino 1992; Wagstaff et al. The dear only knows What will next prove a rose. The Lamiaceae The Mint Family. Gertrude Stein The Rose Family The rose is a rose And was always a rose; But the theory now goes That the apple’s a rose, And the pear is, and so’s The plum, I suppose. Recently, numerous side effects of synthetic drugs have lead to using medicinal plants as a reliable source of new therapy. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Lamiaceae, Order: Lamiales) Wikipedia. The greater part of the Acanthaceae family are herbs or shrubs, but vines and Economic Importance of Family-Lamiaceae (Labiatae): The family is of little economic value. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 236 genera and ~7200 species, are the sixth largest angiosperm family and are of major economic and cultural importance worldwide. Medicinal: Many plants of this family are used in medicines. Economic Importance of Lamiaceae: 1. The Apiaceae is synonym of . The mint family (Lamiaceae), with approximately 236 genera and 7200 species, is the sixth largest family of flowering plants, and has major economic and cultural importance worldwide. 1. They are normally herbs or … Some inverted repeat chloroplast genes in Plantago have very high synonymous substitution rates (Zhu et al. 3. The cox1 intron is common in the family, and the cox1 gene itself has been been lost twice in Plantago, a loss not recorded in any other angiosperms (Sanchez-Puerta et al. Es sind Kräuter oder Sträucher mit in der Regel vierkantigem Stängel, kreuzgegenständigen Zweigen und Blättern und einem meist starken Duft, der von etherischen Ölen herrührt. Food: Tubers of Stachys sieboldi are edible. Fodders: Medicago sativa (Alfafa) is one of the best forage crops. These pulses are used as food and are rich in proteins. It is used as a vegetable. It is a source of high protein food, oil, and forage. 2008). Its roots and seeds are used medicinally. The family is particularly important to humans for…. Fabaceae family has great importance. Pain is a global public health problem with a high impact on life quality and a huge economic implication, becoming one of the most important enemies in modern medicine. Food: Most of the important pulses belong to this family. The medicinal use of plants as analgesic or antinociceptive drugs in traditional therapy is estimated to be about 80% of the world population. Economic Importance. Lamiaceae, with ca. This family includes many culinary herbs which have been introduced to Australia, such as Melissa (lemon balm), Mentha (mint), Lavandula (lavender), Origanum (marjoram), Rosmarinus (rosemary) and Thymus (thyme). Many plants in the mint family are grown for their culinary and medicinal properties because of the oils produced when the leaves and flowers are crushed or distilled. ; Several species of Coleus are grown as ornamentals in the gardens for their variously coloured beautiful foliage. The genus Rosmarinus (Lamiaceae family) comprises three different species (Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosmarinus eryocalix, and Rosmarinus tomentosus) that grow wild, primarily in the western Mediterranean region. Top 25 Plant Families of Economic Importance 2.1 Anacardiaceae 2.2 Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) 2.3 Arecaceae (Palmae) 2.4 Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) 2.5 Convolvulaceae 2.6 Cucurbitaceae 2.7 Dioscoreaceae 2.8 Euphorbiaceae 2.9 Fabaceae (Leguminosae) 2.10 Lamiaceae (Labiatae) 2.11 Lauraceae 2.12 Malvaceae 2.13 Meliaceae 2.14 Moraceae 2.15 Musaceae 2.16 Myrtaceae 2.17 … Calyx with a small, but evident, tranverse ridge on the upper side, the upper lip deciduous in fruit [Fig. The largest genera that belong to this family are Salvia, Scutellaria, Stachys, Plectranthus, Hyptis, Teucrium, Vitex, Thymus, Nepeta, etc. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. LAMIACEAE (Labiatae) - Mint Family Herbs with square stems and aromatic oils Leaves opposite or whorled, simple Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic. Updates? Lamiaceae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. The general characteristic and economic importance of family apiaceae. A very important medicinal plant family is the Labiatae family, also known as the mint family. 2. She has her M.S.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Vicia, Melilotus, and Trifolium are also cultivated as the main fodder crops. The common species which give pulses are Gram, Pea, and Kidney bean. 2. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 1. Coriandrum sativum:It is chiefly grown in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar and Uttar Pra… Bharathidasan University. Mint, (genus Mentha), genus of 25 species of fragrant herbs of the mint family (Lamiaceae). The Lamiaceae Family, Anti–HIV, and Antioxidant Responses. 2. Lamiaceae Lamiaceae See list of 35 genera in this family Choose this genus Scutellaria. der Lamiales mit ca. An important chemical variability has been described for the volatile profile of … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The family is particularly important to humans for… mint. Rosemary has been used since ancient times for medicinal, culinary, and ornamental purposes. Economic Importance of Malvaceae: Economically this family is of much importance because there are a number of fibre yielding plants. Omissions? This family is commonly known as Lily family. The family Apiaceae contributes several important food, essential oils and aromatic herbs to human race. Family: Lamiaceae; Labiatae; Common name: mint family [Zomlefer, pp. Native to Eurasia, North America, southern Africa, and Australia, mints are widely distributed throughout the temperate areas of the world and have naturalized in many places. Monarda citriodora spp. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. These plants are normally grown or cultivated for vegetable purpose. The plants are found in temperate and tropical regions. Ajuga bracteosa, Leucas cephalotes are used in fever. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Leaves of Mentha viridis, Ocimum basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc. Plants in this family, are herbs or shrubs often with an aromatic smell. Although; it has importance both for men and animals. The Australian representatives of this family are currently under revision. Lamiaceae, Labiatae, Lippenblütler, Fam. are used as condiments. 2015). With 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the mint family (Lamiaceae) is one of the major angiosperm families. Ajuga bracteosa, Leucas cephalotes are used in fever. The fruits are used for extracting valuable oil and the seeds are used as spices. The flower of family Apiaceae is . In India it is represented by 400 species. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Apium graveolens: Itis cultivated in Himalayas, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh and South India. 1a. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. a) Umbelliferae b) Asteraceae c) Brassicaceae d) Malvaceae. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Coleus sp. Some examples from this family include mints, … M.Sc.,LifeScience Some plants are grown in the gardens as ornamentals; some plants yield essential oil while certain possess medicinal properties. are used as condiments. They are perennial with pungent flower due to the presence of sulfur compound. V.Kanthasamy They are common in the Maltese Islands and other Mediterranean countries for the fact that some of them produce a high amount of essential oil that enables them to survive the hot summer season. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. It is a cosmopolitan family with many well-known members of horticultural and economic importance such as Mentha longifolia . Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. Teratogenesis (causing of congenital abnomalies), Whites and gamborg’s media in plant tissue culture, No public clipboards found for this slide. Lamium purpureum spp. Fabaceae are also used as ornamental plants. 2. They occure almost throughout the world, with the exception of the coldest polar regions. A list of few important plants is given below: 1. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, List of economically important members of the family Lamiaceae, https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-economically-important-members-of-the-family-Lamiaceae-2035852. Cotton is perhaps the most important fibre inspite of many synthetic textile fibres. Because of their lovely smell and delicious taste many species of this family are used in the kitchen to the great joy and satisfaction of the cook and the gourmet. Plants belonging to the Lamiaceae (also called Labiatae) family are used traditionally to treat viral and microbial ailments. Timber: Many plants of the Fabaceae family pr… A shared characteristic among many lamiaceae is aromatic foliage. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Leaves of Mentha viridis, Ocimum basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc. According to certain authorities nearly all genera can produce some or other kinds of fibres. Medicinal: Many plants of this family are used in medicines. Hence this family is considered as economically important. The following is a list of some of the economically important species in the family, ordered alphabetically by common name. The Lamiaceae family is characterised by square stems, aromatic leaves (gland-dotted) and zygomorphic (irregular) flowers with the corolla usually 2-lipped. Economic Importance of Lamiaceae: 1. 5600 Arten, die über die ganze Erde verbreitet sind, besonders häufig jedoch im Mittelmeerraum. Mentha piperata and Thymus serphyllum give Menthol and Thymol respectively, which are extensively used in … You can change your ad preferences anytime. Food: Tubers of Stachys sieboldi are edible. 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