[The Codex is] an impressive monument to Spanish humanism in the sixteenth-century New World.”—The Hispanic American Historical Review, “Sahagún emerges as the indisputable founder of ethnographic science. This immense undertaking is the first complete translation into any language of Sahagún’s Nahuatl text, and represents one of the most distinguished contributions in the fields of anthropology, ethnography, and linguistics.Written between 1540 and 1585, the Florentine Codex (so named because the manuscript has been part of the Laurentian Library’s collections since at least 1791) is the most authoritative statement we have of the Aztecs’ lifeways and traditionsa rich and intimate yet panoramic view of a doomed people. During his first years in New Spain, Sahagún prepared for the creation of t… Santiago in the Americas, A Renaissance miniature in wood and feathers. Informed by Maya and other Indian peoples to the east of the capital of the great Aztec empire lying in the Central Mexican highlands, the Spaniards reached the coast of Veracruz on April 21, 1519. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Donate or volunteer today! If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. The Florentine Codex is divided by subject area into twelve books and includes over 2,000 illustrations drawn by Nahua artists in the sixteenth century. Bernardino de Sahagun’s General History of the Things of New Spain, also known as the Florentine Codex, is a monumental work dealing with the history of the Native American Aztec people of Mexico. General History of the Things of New Spain by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún: The Florentine Codex. A digitized version of the codexhas been made available in its entirety by the World Digital Library. Sahagún’s preparation for the creation of the Florentine Codex began shortly after his arrival in 1529 to New Spain, an area that included modern-day Mexico, Central America, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, the Phillippines, Florida, and most of the southwestern United States. Authors Dibble and Anderson dig into Sahagun’s past in “Sahagun’s Historia” and “Sahagun: Career and Character,” and discuss dating the Codex in “The Watermarks in the Florentine Codex.” This volume also includes indices of subject matter, persons and deities, and places for all twelve books. List of IllustrationsPrefacio by Miguel León-PortillaIntroductions by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. DibbleVariations of a Sahaguntine Theme by Arthur J. O. AndersonSahagún's Historia by Charles E. DibbleThe Watermarks in the Florentine Codex by Charles E. DibbleSahagún: Career and Character by Arthur J. O. AndersonSahagun's Prologues and Interpolations(translated from the Spanish by Charles E. Dibble):Book I: The Gods• Prologue• To the Sincere ReaderBook II: The Ceremonies• Prologue• To the Sincere Reader• Exclamation of the Author• Comment on the Sacred SongsBook III: The Origin of the Gods• PrologueBook IV: The Soothsayers• Prologue• To the Sincere ReaderBook V: The Omens• Prologue• Appendix PrologueBook VI: Rhetoric and Moral Philosophy• PrologueBook VII: The Sun, Moon, and Stars, and the Binding of the Years• Prologue• To the ReaderBook VIII: Kings and Lords• PrologueBook IX: The Merchants• PrologueBook X: The People• Prologue• Author's Account Worthy of Being NotedBook XI: Earthly Things• Prologue • To the Sincere Reader• Note• Note Also• Eighth Paragraph• MaizeBook XII: The Conquest• To the ReaderIndices compiled by Arthur J. O. AndersonSubject MatterPersons and DeitiesPlacesBibliography, “Highly recommended for all academic and large public libraries.”—Choice, “A great scholarly enterprise.”—New Mexico Historical Review, “Bringing the knowledge of modern scholarship to bear on their materials, the translators have been able to illuminate many obscurities in the text. Florentine Codex: Introduction and Indices: Introductory Book (Florentine Codex: General History of the Things of New Spain) Nahuatl is the language of the Aztecs, and it is still spoken today by millions of people in Mexico. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. 218–20, containing the final version of the Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España (“General History of the Things of New Spain”) by Bernardino de Sahagún (1499-1590) and commonly … Questions - Document B (1) Who wrote Description. Florentine Codex is a set of 12 books created under the supervision of Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún between approximately 1540 and 1576. According to The Florentine Codex, who did Moctezuma think that Cortés was? Bernardino de Sahagun's Florentine Codex is one of the richest historical sources on the language and culture of the Aztecs. A whole series of native sources for the study of Mexican pre-conquest history is now at hand for a field of historical study formerly restricted to a small number of investigators. The creation of the Codex. For their work on the Florentine Codex, both Dibble and Anderson received the Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle, the highest honor of the Mexican government; from the King of Spain the received the Order of Isabella the Catholic (Orden de Isabel la Católica) and the title of Commander (Comendador). Hispaniola’s early colonial art, an introduction, Prints and Printmakers in Colonial New Spain, Classical Architecture in Viceregal Mexico, Mission churches as theaters of conversion in New Spain, Murals from New Spain, San Agustín de Acolman, Atrial Cross, convento San Agustín de Acolman, mid-16th century, The Convento of San Nicolás de Tolentino, Actopan, Hidalgo, Bernardino de Sahagún and collaborators, Florentine Codex, Remembering the Toxcatl Massacre: The Beginning of the End of Aztec Supremacy, Engravings in Diego de Valadés’s Rhetorica Christiana, Mission Church, San Esteban del Rey, Acoma Pueblo, What does the music of heaven sound like?— St Cecilia in New Spain, Biombo with the Conquest of Mexico and View of Mexico City, Screen with the Siege of Belgrade and Hunting Scene (Brooklyn Biombo), The Virgin of the Macana and the Pueblo Revolution of 1680, Jerónimo de Balbás, Altar of the Kings (Altar de los Reyes), Cabrera, Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Casta paintings: constructing identity in Spanish colonial America, Spaniard and Indian Produce a Mestizo, attributed to Juan Rodriguez, Crowned Nun Portrait of Sor María de Guadalupe, Christ Crucified, a Hispano-Philippine ivory, Saintly violence? 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